What causes periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease involves the irritation, inflammation, and infection of gingival tissue. When left untreated, periodontal disease can advance to an incurable stage that erodes and destroys oral tissue. In fact, periodontal (gum) disease is the number one cause of tooth loss in adulthood.
How Gum Disease Starts
The leading cause of gum disease is Inadequate oral hygiene. When we neglect our oral hygiene, substances like tartar develop. Tartar is full of bacteria, and when it builds up around the gum line, it inflames gum tissue. Since you can’t eliminate tartar buildup with brushing and flossing, it must be removed by one of our dental hygienists, or it will lead to gum disease. Other factors that contribute to gum disease are hormonal fluctuations, smoking, and genetics.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the treatable, milder form of gum disease. When detected early on, gingivitis is reversible and curable. Most of the time, improved oral hygiene and specialized teeth cleanings called “scaling and root planing” is enough to stop the condition from advancing.
Those with more advanced cases of gum disease called periodontitis may require surgery, medication, and tissue grafts. If you have advanced gum disease, the goal of treatment is to control the condition so that it doesn’t destroy your oral health.
Please Call for an Appointment
Scheduling routine dental exams and teeth cleanings at our Nassau Bay dental practice is essential if you want to avoid gum disease. Please call Artistic Smiles to schedule an appointment.